Equine Dentistry - Horses Teeth Problems - Horse Dentistry
When is the last time your horse visited the dentist? Are you having unexplained control issues with your horse? It could be a dental problem.
The importance for taking care of your horses mouth comes in two forms: riding and the horses health. I recommend checking your horses mouth from day one. When purchasing a horse, most buyers check the obvious: soundness, disposition, and ability. But they fail to check the horses mouth and tongue. Check the horse for overbite or parrot mouth, as you will have problems down the road with either of these. The horses teeth don't wear equally and some incisors may rot out which will give the horse problems picking grass. Most times the molars don't line up correctly and cause problems chewing.
I recommend having your horses mouth checked by an equine dentist twice a year from yearling to five years of age and once a year there after. Most people only think that older horses should need their teeth checked, but the teeth change more from one to five years of age.
Before introducing your young horse to the bit have the horses wolf teeth removed (if possible), a bit seat applied to the first molars both top and bottom chain and the mouth floated. (Floating is to level the chain of teeth taking off the rough edges.) Also check for caps, remove them as needed. Horses generally shed caps 2 1/2 to 5 1/2 years of age. Caps are baby teeth. Some shed them on their own, some need to be removed to allow the permanent teeth to come in easier. Floating your horses teeth will allow the horse to chew with less difficulty and digest his feed easier which will help with the fed bills.
Quidding - sharp edges of the teeth make chewing painful.
Horse drops food, discomfort in the bit, condition.
in horses the carrying of a cud or quid of grass or roughage in the mouth; often quids are expelled by the horse for fear they would not pass file bowels; horses with poor occlusions are prone to quidding
Vet or Horse dentist rasps (floats) teeth.
PARROT AND SOW MOUTH
Parrot mouthed and sow mouthed horses fail into the congenital categories of incisor problems. Many times these horses require surgical procedures and veterinary advise.
They should not be bred and because of the amount of dental work, these horses may require veterinary consultation. If more buyers were to have equine dentists and veterinarians check potential purchases less hardship and hard feelings between horsemen would exist
The most commonly seen deformity is an upper jaw that appears to be longer than the lower jaw, the so-called parrot mouth. When the lower jaw appears longer the condition is called sow or monkey mouth.
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Crib Biting can cause wear of the leading edge of the incisors.